Study found both were linked to lower risk of leading cause of blindness.
Consuming caffeine and eating a Mediterranean diet according to a new study may lower your chances of developing a leading cause of blindness, age-related macular degeneration (AMD).
As was shown by previous research a Mediterranean diet which is high in whole grains, fruits, vegetables, nuts, fish and healthy fats – lowers cancer risk and benefits the heart. But researchers noted that there has been little research on if it helps protect against eye diseases such as AMD.
The researchers in Portugal evaluated the diets of 883 people, using questionnaires. People were aged 55 and older. 434 of those did not have the eye disease and 449 people had early stage AMD.
A Mediterranean diet closely following was linked with a 35 % (percent) lower risk of AMD, and eating lots of fruit was especially beneficial.
It was also found by the researchers that lower risk of AMD seemed to have people who consumed high levels of caffeine.
Caffeine is an antioxidant known to protect against other health problems, such as Alzheimer’s disease and that’s why the researchers looked at caffeine consumption.
A professor of ophthalmology at the University of Coimbra, in Portugal, lead author of this research Dr. Rufino Silva said that this research adds to the evidence that it is very important for health in general to have a healthy, fruit-rich diet , which also helps to protect against macular degeneration. He also added that this work might be a stepping stone for effective preventive medicine in AMD.
This research is presented at meetings and it is considered preliminary until it is published in a peer-reviewed journal.